Indian Crafts Part- IV- Bandhani Fabric

Indian Crafts Part- IV- Bandhani Fabric

Bandhani fabric

Indian crafts have always been important in the world of fabrics and they have been appreciated by fashion enthusiasts. We are so influenced by modern style but unable to forget our traditional and cultural fabrics. Production of Bandhani fabric is done distinctly. Bandhani is also known as Bandhej, it is a type of tie and dye that is done by plucking the cloth into many bindings. Bandhani fabric has held a prominent place and this fabric is used everywhere. 

History of Bandhani Fabric-

Bandhani fabric was originated by the Khatri community of Gujarat. And after that Rajasthan played a vital role in developing this fabric. It is believed that Bandhani was started around 5000 years ago, as a traditional form of tie & dye. People started using natural colors extracted from plants. In Ajanta caves, visuals of Bandhani can be seen, indicating that this fabric has been in use for centuries. 

Production- The production of Bandhani fabric is time-consuming and it requires delicacy to deal with the process. 

Step 1- The material is selected for the process, which is loosely woven silk (georgette) or cotton (mal-mal).

Step 2- The area which is to be dyed is outlined using colors. A thin sheet of plastic is then used to apply the colors forming the required design on the fabrics. 

Step 3- The knot is tied at a particular place with nylon thread and it is washed to remove the imprints.

Step 4- Then it is rinsed, dried, and tied again by immersing in a dark color and the fabric is allowed to absorb the color thoroughly. 

Step 5- After the dyeing process, the fabric is washed. The folds are pulled apart, in a way of releasing the knots and displaying the patterns.

Colors of Bandhani-  Bandhani fabric is available in different colors and each of them indicates different sayings. Every occasion and event requires a different kind of pattern to be followed. And one can say a lot about themselves by having their preferences in the colors of fabrics. 


The red color is a symbol of marriage, it is believed to give blessings to the newly wedded bride. 


Saffron is the color of Yogi. 


Yellow is the symbol of spring and enjoyment. 

4.Black and Maroon

Black and Maroon are the colors of mourning 

Regions in India manufacturing Bandhani

Talking about the manufacturing of Bandhani fabric, the name of the first region that comes into context is Kutch in Gujarat. It is famous all over the world for Bandhani fabric and the quality of the fabrics has been maintained since the starting of production. Even the export of Bandhani fabric manufactured in Kutch is in demand. Then other regions are Saurashtra, Rajasthan, and Haryana. But the finest tie-dye is produced by the Khatri community of Gujarat. 

Importance in the fashion industry-

Bandhani has been sold all over India, and the graph of demand is increasing steadily. The fashion industry is known for displaying fabrics in the best artistic way possible. Tops and dresses made from Bandhani are very famous. Also during the festive and wedding season, the contemporary Bandhani is expected to grow in sales. The appearance of this fabric is appreciated.

Variety of Bandhani-

Bandhani comes in various designs, colors, and patterns. Various symbols like dots, waves, stripes, and squares are used on the fabrics. Contemporary dresses and tops made from Bandhani fabric are renowned all over the world.


Make sarees, dresses, tops, Kurti, and many more with this fabric. The digital print on these fabrics, attract people towards itself. As one can select the designs they desire and can flaunt their style.

Price Range
The price of Bandhani fabric is low. It lies between 200 to 250 INR/meter. It also depends on the region in which the fabric is produced. 

Image source- Pinterest.



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